The Effect That Wine Has on the BodyFrom a nutritional point of view, apart from the modest amounts of vitamins and mineral salts, the main contribution to the energy value is actually given by the alcohol itself. The alcohol, once introduced into the body, is rapidly absorbed and transformed into heat and fat deposits, or eliminated through other metabolic processes. During the process of combustion of alcohol meets the acetaldehyde and pyruvic acid, two harmful substances that are usually destroyed by the liver, muscles, and other tissues. If ingesting alcohol in large quantities daily, there is a risk of liver failure. Increased alcohol intake can also cause a disturbance of the defensive mechanisms of the body with the destruction of some intermediate processes that determine the metabolism of the alcohol. This result is an incomplete metabolism, and harmful toxins accumulate in the body, causing a series of more or less accentuated disorders.
How Much Wine is Too Much?Are you asking, am I drinking too much wine? Moderate drinking is up to one drink a day for women and up to two for men, according to the US Department of Health and Human Services’ Dietary Guidelines for Americans. Men who consume 15 or more drinks per week are heavy drinkers. Women who sip eight or more weekly drinks are also regarded as heavy drinkers. The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism defines binge drinking as consuming five or more drinks, within about two hours, on a single occasion. For women, it’s four or more drinks.
What is a Full Drink?A single drink in the US contains 14 grams of alcohol. That's the equivalent to a 12-ounce beer, a 5-ounce glass of table wine or 1.5-ounce shot of 80-proof liquor like vodka, tequila or gin. If you sip malt liquor—about 7 percent alcohol—a standard drink is between 8 and 9 ounces. Sherry and port wine drinkers should fill their glasses with just 3 or 4 ounces of the stuff; cordial and liqueur drinkers should stop after 2 or 3 ounces.
What Happens if You Drink Too Much Wine?You may know the risks of driving while intoxicated. However, you may also have a difficult time gauging how much you can drink and still get behind the wheel. For this reason, you should abstain from drinking if you are going to drive. Consequences of excessive alcohol ingestion include:
- Alcohol dependency
- Depression and anxiety
- Heart disease and stroke
- Liver disease and pancreatitis
- Some cancers, including breast, mouth, and colon