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Most rehab programs encourage you to seek out peer support during and after your stay. In fact, they often integrate a peer support recovery program as part of your therapy process. Some rehab programs opt for SMART Recovery vs 12 Step Recovery and vice versa. While both approaches do help people, they are substantially different.
SMART RecoveryThe SMART Recovery program is a relatively new approach to peer support recovery. It focuses on self-empowerment with the end goal of living a satisfying life. It blocks out four main areas for people to work through:
- Dealing with urges
- Management of thoughts, emotions, and behaviors
- Maintaining a balanced life
12 Step Recovery12 step recovery programs are the original peer support programs. A few of the better-known examples include Alcoholics Anonymous and Narcotics Anonymous. As the name states, the program includes 12 individual steps that you work through. The steps include both internal and external actions, such as taking a moral inventory and making amends. A 12 step program doesn’t borrow from any specific therapeutic method. Instead, it focuses on admitting your lack of power over your addiction and asking a higher power to intervene. These programs also make use of sponsors. Sponsors are people in the program who maintain longer-term sobriety and act as guides.
SMART Recovery vs 12 Step Recovery ComparisonMaking a choice between SMART Recovery vs step recovery depends on you and your worldview. 12 step programs place a lot of emphasis on a higher power. They also encourage you to rely on that higher power. As such, they work better for those who believe in a higher power. Specifically, SMART Recovery uses a science-based method that’s meant to evolve over time. As new therapies develop, SMART Recovery will incorporate the ones that show the most promise. It also focuses on self-reliance and personal empowerment. Those who don’t believe in a higher power may find this approach more palatable or effective. Both SMART Recovery vs 12 Step Recovery work best when initially paired with a rehab program. Those programs can include a wide range of therapies, such as:
- Dialectical behavior therapy
- Cognitive-behavioral therapy
- Recovery coaching program
- Recreation therapy program
- EMDR therapy program